The country’s unemployment rate reached its highest level since 1999 last month, while the government allowance for jobless hit a record high.
Prior to Lee’s appointment last month, the Moon Jae-in administration had been criticized by some for its purportedly pro-labor policies, including the latest minimum wage hike and reduction of maximum weekly work hours, which critics believe to be great contributors to the ongoing employment crisis.
|South Korea`s current Labor Minister Lee Jae-gap. (Yonhap)|
Lee was President Moon’s pick to tackle the challenges, replacing former Minister of Employment and Labor Kim Young-joo who openly prioritized tackling labor issues -- rather than those on employment -- throughout her term.
Meeting with reporters Monday, Lee said he has been asked by Moon to do two things at once: create more jobs by supporting the nation’s private firms and guarantee workers’ rights at the same time.
“These two missions may be contradicting with one another,” he told reporters. “But I think both jobs as equally as important. I will do my best to achieve both of the tasks.”
Former Minister Kim, on the other hand, had stressed that the Korean government always had neglected issues of labor rights, such as with low minimum wages and notoriously long working hours.
One of few women serving in the Cabinet, Kim had been a fierce labor union activist who fought to end discrimination against female employees at banks, among other issues.
“There are many other ministries within the government that deal with unemployment, including the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Welfare,” Kim told reporters before leaving her post last month. “But when it comes to labor issues, the Ministry of Employment and Labor is the only government entity available. As its minister, I felt obliged to (prioritize) labor issues.”
Unlike Kim, Lee is a longtime civil servant who served at the Ministry of Employment and Labor for more than 30 years. He also worked as vice minister there as well as head of the state-run Korea Workers’ Compensation and Welfare Services before taking on the role.
When asked about his thoughts on the recent minimum wage hike, which has been singled out as a main reason behind record-high unemployment, Lee said that was not entirely responsible for the ongoing crisis.
“I’m sure it played a contributing factor,” he said. “But I also think there are many other reasons, including the size of the country’s working-age population which has been shrinking -- especially those in their 30s and 40s. At the same time, many baby boomers -- those born in the 1960s -- found temporary jobs in service sectors and small restaurants post-retirement. And these particular business have been doing poorly in recent years, which also left many jobless.”
Meanwhile, South Korea is set to ratify four key International Labor Organization conventions on freedom of association and prohibiting forced labor.
“The current government really stresses the importance of establishing a society that guarantees labor rights. It is in fact one of the major agendas of this government,” Lee said. “I believe the ministry has been preparing for the necessary steps to be taken to ratify the conventions.”
By Claire Lee (firstname.lastname@example.org)